Multiple Exposure

No. 2 - Year 8 - 06/2018

University of Zadar | ISSN 1847-7755 | SIC.JOURNAL.CONTACT@GMAIL.COM

Editorial

This issue of [sic] plays with the technique of multiple exposure, which we borrow from photography. In a similar way that the superimposition of several exposures creates a single and unique image, so all the articles here presented individually deal with different overlapping concepts, which produce distinctive images, texts, and readings. Thus, for example, superimposing Nigerian traditional practices on Shakespeare’s themes creates a unique phenomenon in modern Nigerian theater; similarly, Christmas customs in Croatia, overlapping the fantasy of J.R.R. Tolkien, form a particular product intended for the child reader. Additionally, this [sic] also engages in a game of meaning, working around the polysemy of the word exposure. To this effect, the presented selection of articles deals with exposure as appearance in various (multiple) digital sources, the exposure of the viewers to multifarious effects cinema can have, or the exposure (revelation) of the ideas underlying the translation process. ...

Literature and Culture
Mirna Sindičić Sabljo, University of Zadar, Croatia:

Samuel Beckett zapamćen je kao književnik koji je bio prilično rezerviran u odnosima s medijima. Pomno je čuvao svoju privatnost, rijetko javno nastupao te davao intervjue i izjave za medije. Njegova nam pisma, objavljena u četiri sveska u razdoblju između 2009. i 2016. godine u izdanju Cambridge University Pressa, stoga otkrivaju posve nepoznato lice književnika koji je korespondirao s izrazito velikim brojem osoba tijekom života. U arhivima i privatnim kolekcijama nađeno je oko 20 000 pisama koja u potpunosti mijenjaju sliku Becketta kao pustinjaka. Pisma otkrivaju da je Beckett bio iznimno dobro povezan s poslijeratnim umjetničkim svijetom te u redovitom kontaktu s nizom bliskih osoba, poznanika i poslovnih suradnika, posebice u trenucima kad se zbog stvaralaštva povlačio u izolaciju.Samuel Beckett četiri je godine prije smrti, 1985. godine, odobrio posthumno izdavanje svojih pisama. Zadatak je povjerio Marthi Dow Fehsenfeld, koja je potom zamolila Lois More Overbeck (Emory Universi...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.8.lc.10
Literature and Culture
Josip Ćirić and Maja Jadrešin:

This paper discusses links between digital humanities and philosophy, which have been connected for a long time. The paper focuses on the representation of Croatian philosophers in specialized encyclopedias and dictionaries. Main areas at the intersection of the two disciplines are targeted: generating repositories, creating social networks for experts, and new approaches to analyzing digitalized content. In this context, the paper analyzes the (under-)representation of several Croatian philosophers in tertiary sources. The results show that the number of philosophers with name entries in encyclopedias is small, that the number of languages for the existing articles is also small, and that there are certain inaccuracies in those articles. Finally, the paper suggests certain procedures to remedy the present condition.Keywords: digital humanities, national philosophies, encyclopedia, dictionaryUnutar humanistike posljednjih je godina očit pomak u metodologiji, te dijelom i u predmetu ist...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.8.lc.2
Literature and Culture
Nada Kujundžić, University of Turku, Finland:

The paper analyzes the Croatian translation of a collection of J.R.R. Tolkien’s letters to his children – the posthumously published Father Christmas Letters (1976). Situated within the theoretical and methodological framework of descriptive translation studies, the paper will examine specific translation strategies and tactics utilized to make the text more comprehensible and accessible to the target (child) audience, thus demonstrating that the translator, Zlatko Crnković, is first and foremost translating for children. The analysis is focused on the level of content (with special emphasis on culture-specific items) and style. By examining one of Tolkien’s “minor” works and its translation into a “minor” language, the paper aims to address underscrutinized areas within Tolkien, translation, and children’s literature studies. Keywords: children’s literature, Father Christmas Letters, J.R.R. Tolkien, Pisma Djeda Božićnjaka, translation strategies

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.8.lc.8
Literature and Culture
Mark Gagnon, United States Military Academy, USA:

During the 1950s, West German cinemas screened approximately 600 war films, nearly ten percent of the domestic production. Faulting these features for their avoidance of significant issues such as the causes of World War II, the Holocaust, or the Wehrmacht’s misdeeds and atrocities, previous commentators have in the main focused on the failure of these films to engage the past in a thoroughgoing manner. As a response to this criticism, my essay will show how Frank Wisbar’s Dogs, Do You Want to Live Forever? (1959), a feature film about the Battle of Stalingrad, provides a conversion narrative that corresponds to the needs of the Adenauer era. As this film looks back to its past, it simultaneously looks forward and promotes the values of a new and emerging democracy.Keywords: Battle of Stalingrad, war films, Adenauer era, 1950s West German Cinema, World War IIWest German war films of the 1950s attempted to negotiate a problematic past through a variety of narratives. Alfred Weidenmann’s...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.8.lc.5
Literature and Culture
Jasna Poljak Rehlicki and Hrvoje Lepeduš:

In his masterpiece Musashi (1935), the author Eiji Yoshikawa depicts the birth of an ingenious swordsman and his spiritual evolution towards the final awakening (satori). While constructing the character of Miyamoto Musashi, Yoshikawa uses the elements of Zen Buddhist philosophy and describes Musashi's progress on his way of enlightenment through a series of direct personal insights (kensho) that precede satori. The paper aims to discuss and analyze Musashi's use of different types of swords that metaphorically suggest his personal and spiritual transformation from an untamed and uncultivated person to his ultimate enlightenment. Initially, Musashi fights with a wooden sword (bokken), which symbolizes his animalistic, rampant nature. As he progresses on the way of enlightenment, Musashi embraces the steel sword (katana), though he still uses bokken at times. The struggle between his wild and civilized nature culminates at the moment of kensho, when he starts fighting with two steel swo...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.8.lc.3
Literary Translation
Téa Obreht and Lana Filipin:

Marko za slobodno mjesto konobara u salunu Well-Digger’s Wallet saznaje od Lidije. Ona je upravo otišla odande da bi se smjestila u Santa Feu prije početka zimskog semestra; no Marko bi se, tvrdi ona, trebao prijaviti za posao prije nego što izvjese oglas u izlogu. Rad u salunu bio bi dobar način da poradi na svom engleskom; a i zaradio bi više nego što zarađuje za pultom Spur & Saddle Cluba, antikvarijata preko puta specijaliziranog za Divlji zapad, gdje je u šest mjeseci jedinu proviziju zaradio kad je natjerao neki par da kupi prepariranog rakuna kojeg su negdje u sedamdesetima opremili indijanskom perjanicom, postavili u kožni kanu i za osušeni mu struk privezali sićušno veslo.Well-Digger’s Wallet niski je dvokatni drveni objekt oko kojega se tijekom prošlog stoljeća formirao ostatak glavne ulice. Na spomen-ploči stoji da je izvorna zgrada podignuta 1870. godine; neonska silueta kauboja, koja vjerojatno predstavlja upravo tog kopača bunara po kome salon nosi ime, a koji se pogrblje...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.8.lt.7