Masked Paradigms

No. 3 - Year 10 - 06/2020

University of Zadar | ISSN 1847-7755 | SIC.JOURNAL.CONTACT@GMAIL.COM

Editorial

The new issue of [sic] is upon us. And it is special, not only because it was done under strange circumstances of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, lockdowns, hand sanitizers and distancing, physical, and also, oddly, social… this issue is special because, just like all of us, it wears a mask, a mask that is not only meant to protects us and all those around us – and not allow us to let go, to forget what is important and what is it we set to do – but that also hides an important date in the lives of all of us at [sic] – our 10th anniversary....

East-West -- Russia, or the USA as a Metaphor
Danijela Lugarić Vukas, University of Zagreb, Croatia:

Rusku kulturu gotovo od samih početaka snažno je definirao odnos prema Zapadu – zapadnjačkim vrijednostima, mitologiji, svakodnevici, ekonomiji, kulturi, politici, društvenom uređenju. Od jedne od svakako prijelomnih točki, razaranja Velikog Novgoroda tijekom moskovsko-novgorodskog rata (1477. – 1478.), i pripajanja ondašnjoj ruskoj državi toga grada, koji se je od Moskve razlikovao ekonomskom i vjerskom organizacijom te organizacijom političke hijerarhije, dijalektički razvoj ruske povijesti u mnogome određuje napetost između zapadnjačkih (europskih i kasnije sjevernoameričkih) i ruskih (istočnih ili slavenofilskih) tendencija. Crkveni raskol u 17. stoljeću, s patrijarhom Nikonom i protopopom Avvakumom kao predstavnicima dviju suprotstavljenih tabora; inzistiranje Petra Velikoga na reformama u „europskome duhu” i na podizanju grada po uzoru na europske prijestolnice, premještanje središta države iz „zaostale”, „seoske”, „izolirane”, „tradicionalne” i „konzervativne” Moskve u „progresi...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/3.10.ewrs.1
Literature and Culture
Zlatko Bukač, University of Zadar, Croatia:

Most of the video games are known primarily through their development teams. Although the video game industry became a more lucrative and influential art form than all other forms of entertainment combined, there still exists a lack of identification of video game products with their authors, directors, and/or writers. For example, The Last of Us is a game people will more often associate with developer team Naughty Dog than with Jacob Minkoff; the video game company SEGA is labeled as the team behind Sonic the Hedgehog, while the question of original creators remains unclear and often on the fringe. This way, many individuals are ostracized from their work, with only their biggest fans caring for some video game director’s style, his/her narrative strategies, and composition. However, some video game creators are always clearly connected to their work, sometimes even being the main argument why a certain game is deserving of attention and praise. Hideo Kojima, for example, is one of t...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/3.10.lc.8
Literature and Culture
Marija Krivokapić and Sanja Runtić:

The article examines the representation of Native American urban identity in Theodore Van Alst’s Sacred Smokes (2018) and Tommy Orange’s There There (2018). Drawing upon Stuart Hall’s and James Clifford’s theories of identity and diaspora and Robert Young’s distinction between the “organic” and the “diasporizing” modes of hybridity, it analyzes hybrid strategies through which these texts define their characters’ complex diasporic experience and extend the literary tradition of “survivance.” The paper argues that by exploring the concepts of history, community, and home and by emphasizing the narrative, imaginative, and relational aspects of their characters’ traveling identities, Van Alst’s and Orange’s texts remain strongly rooted in Native cultural perspective, in particular the “synecdochic” sense of self and the literary trope of “homing.” It also maintains that these characters’ precarious diasporic situation, albeit confining, allows them the freedom to (re)imagine themselves and...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/3.10.lc.3
Literature and Culture
Smiljana Narančić Kovač and Katarina Aladrović Slovaček:

The paper presents the results of a digital comparative text analysis of the Croatian original and the Burgenland editions of a children’s classic performed in combination with research methods of Translation Studies. The Croatian children’s novel of 1913, Čudnovate zgode šegrta Hlapića [The Strange Adventures of Hlapić the Apprentice] by Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić (1874–1938), appeared in Burgenland Croatian in 1960 and again, with minor alterations, in 2000. Burgenland Croatian is the language of the Croatian minority predominantly positioned in Austria, considered to be a regional variant of Croatian. These two languages are similar, but they still differ in structural and semantic elements as they have been separately developing since the 15th century. The similarities allowed for a digital comparative text analysis of the linguistic aspects of source and target texts, including their linguistic complexity. The results of the digital analysis demonstrate the applicability of digital lin...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/3.10.lc.4
East-West -- Russia, or the USA as a Metaphor
Boris Groys, Ana Haramustek, Ivana Klešković, Klara Kolar, Karla Kosić and Dominik Mačković:

Članak je zadržan u integralnom obliku i odstupa od standardnog načina citiranja i navođenja izvora koji se primjenjuje u [sic]-u.Već je odavno poznato da se frojdovska teorija podsvjesnoga nije ukorijenila u Rusiji te da se ta okolnost nikako ne može smatrati slučajnom: naprotiv, ona, možda više od bilo čega drugog, baca svjetlo na unutarnju strukturu ruske kulture. Na Zapadu se u nekom smislu psihoanalizu može smatrati najraširenijom ideologijom. Ako pacijent po imenu Rusija nije pristao na psihoanalizu, to indicira da će analiza biti osobito zanimljiva budući da je u određenom smislu jedini predmet psihoanalize upravo odbijanje da se bude analiziran, odnosno odbijanje da se prizna vlastita determiniranost podsvjesnim.Originalnost „ruske” pozicije, na kojoj su tradicionalne psihoanalitičke strategije lomile zube, između ostaloga sastoji se od toga što Rusija uopće ne inzistira na svojoj „svjesnosti”. Ruska kulturna tradicija, naprotiv, samu Rusiju poima kao podsvjesno: Rusija ne može...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/3.10.ewrs.5
Literature and Culture
Danijela Lugarić Vukas, University of Zagreb, Croatia:

The paper develops in a specific reading strategy of appropriation of Danilo Kiš’s story Slavno je za otadžbinu mreti in Péter Esterházy’s literary opus (first in the story Mily dicső a hazáért halni, published in Hungarian in 1986 with changes due to aspects of the text that are necessarily changed in translation, then in his Introduction to Literature and Celestial Harmonies), in order to offer possible answers to the following questions: What is the role of (in-)translation in the study of literature? What does the metaphor of elliptical refraction (Damrosch) mean as “the most convenient” description for world literature? If the stories of Kiš and Esterházy are the same, but written in different languages and received in different cultural, historical, and social contexts, can we refer to it as one literary work? If the author is different – is the literary work only seemingly the same? Who, in fact, is the author – if Esterházy read and used Kiš's story in translation? How does thi...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/3.10.lc.1