Utopia and Political Theology

No. 2 - Year 5 - 06/2015

University of Zadar | eISSN 1847-7755 | SIC.JOURNAL.CONTACT@GMAIL.COM

Editorial

Although utopias of different kinds have always stirred people’s imagination, it seems that the twentieth century rise of political theology brought about a particularly intense proliferation of utopian narratives. On the other hand, catastrophic failures such as that of the communist project gave rise to various subsequent reconsiderations of the utopian dream, dystopian nightmare and the thin line dividing the two. ...

Literary Translation
Zoran Ferić and Tomislav Kuzmanović:

1.At first the island is just a sign on a yellow board with a drawing of a vessel and the letters saying “Car Ferry,” then it is a grayish silhouette in the blue of the sea, and then, later still, an acquaintance working on the ferry, who just nods briefly in greeting. Jablanac, ferry port, its pleasant lobby, and then, from the upper deck, a giant rock approaching. That is the object of a year-long desire: the moment of stepping off the boat and smelling the rosemary, diesel and sheep droppings, seeing the sharp rocks looking at the Strait of Senj, coarse limestone in sharp opposition to the signs that say: Benvenuti, Welcome, Willkommen!At home, on the terrace, in the shade of the oleander, there’s no wish to eat. Only swimming trunks are put on and then, barefoot, without a towel or sun-tanning lotion, off to the beach.“Why won’t you eat something?” grandma asks.She knows that there’s an exciting world waiting out there, but she knows nothing of the details. All friends went on a bo...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lt.6
Literary Translation
Harkaitz Cano and Andrea Rožić:

Bilo mi je samo devet godina, ali nikad neću zaboraviti dan kad su dali zeleno svjetlo projektu za izgradnju umjetnog jezera i kad smo postali sigurni da će naša kuća nestati pod vodom. Sva sredstva i sve žalbe bili su iscrpljeni i čekali smo još samo da otac uđe u kuhinju i obavijesti nas da je i zadnja presuda bila u korist umjetnog jezera. Vani je padala obilna kiša i monotono šljapkanje očevih cipela kad je ušao u kuću kao da je poručilo, pripremite se, sve će ovo uskoro preplaviti voda, bit će teško hodati ovuda, promijenit će se boje i teksture, ova se lampa nikad više neće upaliti jer žarulje ne gore pod vodom.Sve nas je to pogodilo. Ali njega, koji je otpočetka bio vrlo uključen u borbu, potpuno je pokosilo. Odnos mojih roditelja sve se više pogoršavao i ishodovati odluku koja bi zaustavila umjetno jezero bilo je jedino što je još moglo spasiti stvari, spriječiti naglu poplavu koja samo što nije potopila našu obitelj. Majka i otac to su znali i bili su svjesni da poraženo šljap...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lt.2
Literary Translation
Gordan Nuhanović and Una Krizmanić Ožegović:

I don't have a clue why I even travelled to Armenia; even now, after all these years, the reasons that brought me to that part of the world remain unclear. When someone asked me what was so interesting about Armenia, I mumbled something about its history, about its people adopting Christianity before the Romans and about little churches from the fourth and fifth centuries. “And what's wrong with our little churches? Look into your own backyard first,” they advised, “then turn to wherever you like.” Still, during that winter and spring of 1998, I felt an ever-growing desire to travel to Armenia. Days were getting warmer and the Japanese cherries in front of my building revealed their long-expected blossoms. And that’s how April passed. My flight was on May 1. I gave seemingly simple instructions to my girlfriend: “If I do not get in touch within two weeks, report me missing at the Embassy in Athens.” And more importantly: “Please, buy the Sports News next Sunday and find out the score f...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lt.1
Literature and Culture
Matthew Smith, University of Alabama, USA:

King Lear as a product of evolutionary progressions is logical because the play is framed around two ideas of society and generation in direct confrontation. The sociopolitical ramifications of King Lear are clarified when viewed as an evolutionary progression because societal causality is mirrored in nature. The connection between Lear’s madness and nature’s role in determining societal evolution is demonstrated in the evolutionary notion that “everybody is what he typically is because his progenitors were what they were . . . [i]n the molecular structure of the minute germ of him,” (Maudsley 4) and that and social events are connected with the mechanistic march of nature. When Lear bellows “Crack nature’s molds, all germens spill at once,” (3.2.8) he is requesting the impossible, that the laws of causation be terminated and evolution be put on hold.Keywords: Evolutionary Criticism, reason, philosophy, Shakespeare, King Lear, consilience, evolution, mechanism, madness, nature

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lc.1
Literature and Culture
Josip Ćirić, University of Zadar, Croatia:

At certain times, the psychotherapy approaches overstep the scientific borders of legitimate explanation that grant their status as scientific theories and a set of therapeutic practices. Its author attempts to provide three philosophical theses on philosophical grounds and the philosophical aspirations of psychotherapies. The arguments provided are historical (including social networks in the history of philosophy and psychology), epistemological and systematic. In this paper, three areas of such attempts are analyzed: sociological psychologism, that is, description and explanation of social conditions by means of a certain psychotherapeutic approach; understanding psychology as a world-view; and using mental health theory as a model of building a better society, that is, a utopia. Special attention is dedicated to B. F. Skinner's behavioral utopia Walden Two. Keywords: psychotherapy, philosophy of science, utopia, B. F. SkinnerOdnos psihoterapije i filozofije vrlo je dinamičan i obos...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lc.5
Literature and Culture
Jack Reilly, University College London, United Kingdom:

In attempting to represent political transformations, we often encounter a moment that seems to resist narrativisation, a moment of obstinate inconsistency which various theoretical, historical and fictional accounts cannot properly absorb except by way of indicating the parameters of a rupture. Here, I present a position which views these unrepresentable moments as structurally necessary features of revolutionary events. It is not simply that, at such historical junctures, we are faced with an abundance of information and that the unrepresentability or narrative deficit is the consequence of this surplus; on the contrary, the founding act that accompanies any radical transformation necessarily involves a certain temporal contraction. To the extent that narrative relies on a linear chronology, it fails to capture this moment of contraction. Indeed, this is why works of political philosophy associated with a founding contract (for example Hobbes’s Leviathan and Rousseau’s Social Contrac...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lc.2