Utopia and Political Theology

No. 2 - Year 5 - 06/2015

University of Zadar | ISSN 1847-7755 | SIC.JOURNAL.CONTACT@GMAIL.COM

Editorial

Although utopias of different kinds have always stirred people’s imagination, it seems that the twentieth century rise of political theology brought about a particularly intense proliferation of utopian narratives. On the other hand, catastrophic failures such as that of the communist project gave rise to various subsequent reconsiderations of the utopian dream, dystopian nightmare and the thin line dividing the two. ...

Literary Translation
Zoran Ferić and Tomislav Kuzmanović:

1.At first the island is just a sign on a yellow board with a drawing of a vessel and the letters saying “Car Ferry,” then it is a grayish silhouette in the blue of the sea, and then, later still, an acquaintance working on the ferry, who just nods briefly in greeting. Jablanac, ferry port, its pleasant lobby, and then, from the upper deck, a giant rock approaching. That is the object of a year-long desire: the moment of stepping off the boat and smelling the rosemary, diesel and sheep droppings, seeing the sharp rocks looking at the Strait of Senj, coarse limestone in sharp opposition to the signs that say: Benvenuti, Welcome, Willkommen!At home, on the terrace, in the shade of the oleander, there’s no wish to eat. Only swimming trunks are put on and then, barefoot, without a towel or sun-tanning lotion, off to the beach.“Why won’t you eat something?” grandma asks.She knows that there’s an exciting world waiting out there, but she knows nothing of the details. All friends went on a bo...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lt.6
Literature and Culture
Camelia Raghinaru, Concordia University, Irvine, USA:

This essay starts from the premise that André Breton’s First Manifesto of Surrealism constitutes the ‘event’ of that movement (i.e., ‘event’ as defined in Alain Badiou’s Ethics), an event subsequently betrayed by its subject, André Breton, in his encounter with Nadja. Situated between rupture and repetition, the opportunity of the event returns in the Second Manifesto of Surrealism. Taking as its target Breton’s novel Nadja, the essay addresses the issue of event as repetition and explores the ramifications of the ‘failure’ to ‘imagine’ one’s continued fidelity to the event. Consequently, this article reads Nadja as a ‘failure’: the failure posed by representation itself, but also the failure of representation to completely annihilate the promise of a “beyond” encrypted in the project of surrealist imagination. Thus, I would like to play off the idea of failure in two complementary ways. First, I look at the ‘failure’ that is more significant than any achievement. Second, I address the...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lc.3
Literary Translation
Lionel Shriver and Lana Filipin:

9. rujna 2011.Draga Sarah,ispričavam se što je ovo pismo tako formalno, ali nemam sama u sebe povjerenja da bih ovo mogla izgovoriti uz čašu vina, posebno dok još i nisam sigurna što želim reći.Vjeruj mi da sam oduvijek cijenila tvoje prijateljstvo. Na onom pješačkom izletu kroz pustinju Sinaj, kada smo se svi upoznali, nijedno od nas četvero nije bilo sklono prigovaranju i to je ono što nas je zbližilo. Ostali su turisti neprestano cmizdrili zbog vrućine i hrane, ali mi smo bili neustrašivi. Kad ti je od previše sunca izbio gnojni herpes, unatoč povrijeđenoj taštini nastavila si stupati dalje kao da to nije ništa. Stoga bi mi bilo grozno da ispadne da je ovo pismo prigovor – no ipak, možda ono i jest prigovor.Tvoj je muž umro usred terorističkog napada 11. rujna. Moj je muž umro uslijed terorističkog napada 11. rujna. Toliko je toga proizišlo iz tih prijedloga, male slovne varijacije.Začudo, tvoja mi je priča jednako živa kao moja jer sam mnogo puta čula kako je prepričavaš na zabavam...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lt.3
Literary Translation
Fernando Iwasaki and Gordana Matić:

Časna majka podigne pogled prema nebu kao da na njemu traži Božji znak dok joj je u očima oteklim od cjelonoćne molitve zablistala suza.– Kažete, sestro, da stari profesor odbija ići na misu?– Tako je, časna majko. Osim toga proklinje i vrijeđa presvetu Djevicu Mariju.– Nije važno, sestro. Odvedite ga u šetnju vrtom.– Da, časna majko.– Sestro…– Molim, časna majko?– Neka izgleda kao nesreća. Jedne noći nisam mogao zaspati, pa mi je mama stavila pod jastuk knjigu Put u središte Zemlje, rekla je da ću, ako brzo zaspim, sanjati baš te pustolovine. I kako sam te noći sanjao da sam se spustio do samog središta Zemlje, otada svake noći pod jastuk stavljam knjige, stripove i časopise koje želim sanjati. Kada sam se upisao na fakultet, oduševljeno sam otkrio da trik funkcionira s bilješkama, videosnimkama i fotografijama mojih kolegica. Tako sam diplomirao s najboljim ocjenama, zaradio gomilu novca i ostvario što god sam si zacrtao, sve dok mi večeras supruga nije zaprijetila da će me ostaviti ...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lt.4
Literature and Culture
Josip Ćirić, University of Zadar, Croatia:

At certain times, the psychotherapy approaches overstep the scientific borders of legitimate explanation that grant their status as scientific theories and a set of therapeutic practices. Its author attempts to provide three philosophical theses on philosophical grounds and the philosophical aspirations of psychotherapies. The arguments provided are historical (including social networks in the history of philosophy and psychology), epistemological and systematic. In this paper, three areas of such attempts are analyzed: sociological psychologism, that is, description and explanation of social conditions by means of a certain psychotherapeutic approach; understanding psychology as a world-view; and using mental health theory as a model of building a better society, that is, a utopia. Special attention is dedicated to B. F. Skinner's behavioral utopia Walden Two. Keywords: psychotherapy, philosophy of science, utopia, B. F. SkinnerOdnos psihoterapije i filozofije vrlo je dinamičan i obos...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lc.5
Literature and Culture
Jack Reilly, University College London, United Kingdom:

In attempting to represent political transformations, we often encounter a moment that seems to resist narrativisation, a moment of obstinate inconsistency which various theoretical, historical and fictional accounts cannot properly absorb except by way of indicating the parameters of a rupture. Here, I present a position which views these unrepresentable moments as structurally necessary features of revolutionary events. It is not simply that, at such historical junctures, we are faced with an abundance of information and that the unrepresentability or narrative deficit is the consequence of this surplus; on the contrary, the founding act that accompanies any radical transformation necessarily involves a certain temporal contraction. To the extent that narrative relies on a linear chronology, it fails to capture this moment of contraction. Indeed, this is why works of political philosophy associated with a founding contract (for example Hobbes’s Leviathan and Rousseau’s Social Contrac...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.5.lc.2