Future Insights

Broj 2 - Godina 9 - 06/2019

Uvodnik

The articles presented in the 18th issue of [sic] discuss, in broad terms, the ways in which literary and cultural phenomena manage to transcend the temporal and spatial framework into which they were born. They thus provide understandings and intuitions with continuing relevance, and their impact extends – regardless of when they were created – well into the future. In the opening article, Dejan Durić and Željka Matijašević analyze the concept of intensity through psychoanalytic lenses, as it evolves from the 1960s counterculture toward the present-day forms of capitalism. Krešimir Vuković delves into the imagery of classical literature and explores what insights Homer, Hesiod, and Callimachus offered for future authors. Finally, Korana Serdarević turns toward teaching methodology and tackles the issue of whether 19th century literature can help shape the views of today’s (and tomorrow’s) society. ..

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Izdvojeno

In the center of our attention is the postapocalyptic situation in Andrei Platonov´s novel Chevengur, which is characterized by the absence of labor. This fact does not give evidence of the paradise for which the chiliasts strove but turns out to be one of the main reasons of its self-destruction. The author´s argumentation is built on the confrontation of the beginning and the end of the novel. In both cases, labor is represented in an unusually strange way. But in fact, there is a principal difference between these two representations of labor. In the first case, we are dealing with the rising line of the transition from peasant’s craft to proletarian labor, whereas the development of the “economy” of Chevengur is shown as a process of decline.Keywords: post/apocalyptic, chiliasm, laborU literaturi o romanu Čevengur (1926. – 1928.) nerijetko se spominju dva termina – apokalipsa i hilijazam (ili milenarizam). Apokalipsa je općenitiji termin koji označava eshatološku predodžbu kraja svijeta i čiji temeljni predložak pronalazimo u Otkrivenju apostola Ivana. Koncept hilijazma obuhvaća povijesne pokrete koji, oslanjajući se na predodžbe apokalipse, teže k tisućljetnom kraljevstvu na zemlji. Za razliku od hilijazma, apokalipsa se odvija bez čovjekovog upletanja. Kao što primjećuje Sergej Bulgakov, „eshatologija” je „potpuna suprotnost hilijazmu, ona nikada ne može postati povijesni cilj i ostaje izvan ljudskog dosega” (Bulgakov 221). Kod hilijazma najčešće je prisutan element društvenog protesta protiv nepravednosti, siromaštva, potlačivanja itd., koji se izražava u kvazireligijskim oblicima (Cohn). Hilijazam je ustanak protiv povijesti. Radi toga, boljševik Čepurnyj u Čevenguru „nije mogao podnijeti tajne vremena” (Platonov, Sobranie. Tom 3. 318). U hilijazmu se isprepleću povijesna i izvanpovijesna koncepcija vremena, budući da jedna pretpostavlja ljudsko djelovanje, a druga se oslanja na metapovijesno nadahnuće (Talmom 130)....

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The latest tendencies in the modernization of teaching literature stress the development of students’ critical thinking as one of the main learning outcomes of the educational process. Based on this premise, the article demonstrates the applicability of the imagological approach which can, through guided critical reading of the canonical text, reveal another layer of the so-called non-canonical interpretation and point towards the deconstruction of cultural stereotypes embedded in the literary text. The teaching method will be demonstrated via close reading of the image of Roma people in the novella Tena by Josip Kozarac, where minority stereotyping takes on the form of discriminatory discourse in narration. Apart from developing critical thinking skills, a similar approach to a literary text in class offers the possibility of a comparative method, supported by the fact that the same mirage of Roma community drawn from a canonical work of Croatian Realism can be compared to the images (image) of Roma in contemporary Croatian literature: in the novel Ciganin, ali najljepši by Kristian Novak, in Oblak boje kože by Nebojša Lujanović, as well as in the short story Petica iz zadnje klupe by Barbara Matejčić. Finally, regarding the applicability of critical discourse analysis in class, the article's concluding remarks raise the question of whether literature describing the 19th-century society could, through guided interpretation, partake in shaping the views of today's society that has the tools to recognize its own heterostereotypes....

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Novinar je najavio prilog o još jednoj pucnjavi, nakon čega su počele reklame. Još jednog nenaoružanog crnog tinejdžera ustrijelio je još jedan bijeli policajac. Nakon toga, džingl na jedanaestom programu prekinula je djevojčica kovrčave kose, koja je gđu Mendez podsjećala na njezinu Eloisu prije nego što je ova postala mrzovoljna tinejdžerka. Eloisina dvojnica pogledom je tražila ubruse. Mlijeko iz pahuljica prolila je po netaknutom kuhinjskom šanku, a njezina majka iz reklame istoga je trena počistila nered s osmijehom na licu iz kojeg se moglo iščitati, kako si samo dražesna svaki put kad zasereš kuću.„Opet ista priča”, rekla je gđa Mendez mužu. Nije joj bilo jasno zašto uporno želi gledati vijesti – sve te stravične pljačke, napade, nesreće. I politiku. Politika je još gora. Gđa Mendez na stolić je stavila vreli tanjur pun riže i graška pa pokupila dvije prazne limenke piva s poda. „Sad je samo pitanje vremena kad će susjedi opet početi prosvjedovati i gunđati.”...

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In an age when social media dominate everyday lives of many people across the globe and with the rise of VR games, Netflix, fake news, and 3D printers, it is evident that (digital) technology has become an integral part of everyday life. Online games make new spaces of communication and cooperation that cross the seemingly established borders of nation-states, discussions about online and offline communities gain more prominence each year, and social networks have brought to the fore many scholarly works dealing with various questions about identity, culture, and identification. In this context, a comprehensive guide on or overview of how we could approach these issues in the academic context was scarce. Grant Bollmer’s book titled Theorizing Digital Cultures provides a way of approaching these, somewhat new issues, providing specific tools, i.e. terms and concepts that could help many future researchers of digital culture. What makes this work even more important is the fact that it is made and planned to be used primarily in the field of humanities and social sciences. ...

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