Multiple Exposure

Broj 2 - Godina 8 - 06/2018

Uvodnik

This issue of [sic] plays with the technique of multiple exposure, which we borrow from photography. In a similar way that the superimposition of several exposures creates a single and unique image, so all the articles here presented individually deal with different overlapping concepts, which produce distinctive images, texts, and readings. Thus, for example, superimposing Nigerian traditional practices on Shakespeare’s themes creates a unique phenomenon in modern Nigerian theater; similarly, Christmas customs in Croatia, overlapping the fantasy of J.R.R. Tolkien, form a particular product intended for the child reader. Additionally, this [sic] also engages in a game of meaning, working around the polysemy of the word exposure. To this effect, the presented selection of articles deals with exposure as appearance in various (multiple) digital sources, the exposure of the viewers to multifarious effects cinema can have, or the exposure (revelation) of the ideas underlying the translation process. ..

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Izdvojeno

In his masterpiece Musashi (1935), the author Eiji Yoshikawa depicts the birth of an ingenious swordsman and his spiritual evolution towards the final awakening (satori). While constructing the character of Miyamoto Musashi, Yoshikawa uses the elements of Zen Buddhist philosophy and describes Musashi's progress on his way of enlightenment through a series of direct personal insights (kensho) that precede satori. The paper aims to discuss and analyze Musashi's use of different types of swords that metaphorically suggest his personal and spiritual transformation from an untamed and uncultivated person to his ultimate enlightenment. Initially, Musashi fights with a wooden sword (bokken), which symbolizes his animalistic, rampant nature. As he progresses on the way of enlightenment, Musashi embraces the steel sword (katana), though he still uses bokken at times. The struggle between his wild and civilized nature culminates at the moment of kensho, when he starts fighting with two steel swords, which represents a true evolution that elevates him to the level of the Nietzschean Übermensch. The final birth of Musashi as a Rinzaian “man of no rank” is the moment of his ultimate awakening, symbolically depicted when he again reaches for the wooden sword. This act unmasks his true Buddhist nature, thus suggesting Musashi's return to “oneself.” ...

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During the 1950s, West German cinemas screened approximately 600 war films, nearly ten percent of the domestic production. Faulting these features for their avoidance of significant issues such as the causes of World War II, the Holocaust, or the Wehrmacht’s misdeeds and atrocities, previous commentators have in the main focused on the failure of these films to engage the past in a thoroughgoing manner. As a response to this criticism, my essay will show how Frank Wisbar’s Dogs, Do You Want to Live Forever? (1959), a feature film about the Battle of Stalingrad, provides a conversion narrative that corresponds to the needs of the Adenauer era. As this film looks back to its past, it simultaneously looks forward and promotes the values of a new and emerging democracy.Keywords: Battle of Stalingrad, war films, Adenauer era, 1950s West German Cinema, World War IIWest German war films of the 1950s attempted to negotiate a problematic past through a variety of narratives. Alfred Weidenmann’s The Star of Africa (1957), for instance, revisited the exploits of flying ace Jochen Marseille in the skies above North Africa, while Harald Reinl’s U47 Lieutenant Prien (1958) turned to the sea in its treatment of the famous submarine commander. Other military films like J.A. Hübler-Kahla’s Mikosch Arrives (1952) or Franz Peter Wirth’s Heroes (1958) avoided the time and setting of World War II altogether, opting for comic representations. But few films dealt more directly and explicitly with Germany’s failure than Frank Wisbar’s Dogs, Do You Want to Live Forever? (1959). Wisbar’s war movie focused on what many considered to be the turning point of the war, the Battle of Stalingrad. Following the experiences of the fictional Lieutenant Wisse in the middle of a real historical event, Wisbar’s film explores the questions of German responsibility for the tragic defeat. ...

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Uskoro će sunce poravnati obrise stijena u uvali, ali zasad je mali pješčani polumjesec još uvijek u sjeni. Baš je to Tomásu omiljeni trenutak, volio je na plažu dolaziti rano, da se prvi spuste stepenicama uklesanima u kameni zid, uživaju u samoći i vlažnoj i tamnoj svježini; no za to je trebao pridobiti Elenu da ustane na vrijeme, morao ju je nagovoriti da se pokrene i zatim je, mlitavu i zlovoljnu, vući sa sobom. Sada se nalazila ondje, uz njega, s kljunastim i čvrsto stisnutim ustima. Provoditi dvadeset četiri sata na dan gledajući opor krajolik tih kiselih čuba bila je prava muka. U normalnom životu, dok bi dolazili kući i odlazili na posao, stvari su funkcionirale bolje, ali na godišnjem bi se uvijek na kraju posvadili. Već su sedam godina bili u braku, a Tomás je i dalje bio spreman biti uz svoju ženu u siromaštvu i u bolesti, no ljetovanje s njom više nije mogao podnijeti. A pred njima je još cijeli tjedan tog dosađivanja. Tomás snažno uzdahne i pažljivo raširi ručnik. Elena je već sjedila na svome, u bikiniju, i napadno trljala nadlaktice....

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This paper discusses links between digital humanities and philosophy, which have been connected for a long time. The paper focuses on the representation of Croatian philosophers in specialized encyclopedias and dictionaries. Main areas at the intersection of the two disciplines are targeted: generating repositories, creating social networks for experts, and new approaches to analyzing digitalized content. In this context, the paper analyzes the (under-)representation of several Croatian philosophers in tertiary sources. The results show that the number of philosophers with name entries in encyclopedias is small, that the number of languages for the existing articles is also small, and that there are certain inaccuracies in those articles. Finally, the paper suggests certain procedures to remedy the present condition.Keywords: digital humanities, national philosophies, encyclopedia, dictionaryUnutar humanistike posljednjih je godina očit pomak u metodologiji, te dijelom i u predmetu istraživanja, prema digitalnoj ili računalnoj humanistici (humanities computing) koji se očituje širim korpusom istraživanja rabeći nove resurse i alate (Nikolić 76). Nove tehnologije omogućuju pristup bazama informacija, povećavaju mogućnosti korištenja informacija i njihovo razumijevanje. Također, zahvaljujući novim tehnologijama, otvaraju se novi oblici znanstvene komunikacije i suradnje te se poboljšava diseminacija znanja. Digitalna tehnologija olakšava pretraživanje i prikupljanje dokumenata, razmjenu i širenje znanja, unutar i izvan znanstvenih krugova. Dolazi do promjene u istraživačkom procesu u korist sekundarnih izvora te tekstovi, kao primarni izvori, ustupaju mjesto vizualnosti i zvuku mijenjajući „mentalne navike“ u humanističkim znanostima, pri čemu se razvijaju novi „hibridni načini komuniciranja“ (Schnapp i Presner 2)....

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