Altered States

Broj 1 - Godina 8 - 12/2017

Uvodnik

Non-thematic issues always represent a challenge, mostly premised on defining and constructing a subtle thread that would, at least apparently, unify all of the numerous submitted papers, thoughts and opinions about a variety of different subjects. Sometimes the final product, the metaphoric body of our journal, is a harmonious and perhaps even optimistic reading of cultural, social and literary phenomena, while on some other occasions the projected and articulated themes and ideas tend to be a bit harsher, stronger and more explicit in their nature. Such is the issue in front of you; in spite of the cheerful and celebratory time of the year, the segment dedicated to culture and literature is defined by the somewhat gloomy overtones of the presented ideas, merging silently with the foreboding shadows and the unfriendly figure insidiously dominating our cover. However, the articulated themes and analyses, while inclined toward the darker states and altered perceptions of reality, still form a rich tapestry of research and scrutiny, actively and significantly contributing to contemporary debates on the subjects at hand...

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Izdvojeno

Frequent lexical patterns can explain how language, society and culture interact. In this paper, we analyze the most frequent adjectival collocates which precede lemmas WOMAN and MAN, by searching the node words woman, women, man and men in the British National Corpus (BNC) using the statistical procedure list. The primary postulate is that frequent collocational patterns reveal common societal and cultural concepts. The research is based on Sinclair’s theory about how frequency points to what is typical and central in a language (17). Furthermore, Stubbs’s understanding of a community’s value system being built up and maintained by the recurrent use of particular phrasings in texts (Words and Phrases 166) is explored through the repetition of lexical patterns in the corpus, thus exposing dominant cultural models. Keywords: WOMAN, MAN, BNC, frequency, collocates, language, society, cultureMichael Stubbs’s principle that “language in use transmits the culture,” by which he provides his understanding of the relations between form and meaning (Text 43), is a good foundation for the study of the frequency of words by means of electronic corpora. Since meaning is language in use, electronic corpora facilitate just that – an analysis of raw, unaltered data, as clearly stated by Stubbs’s second principle concerning language being studied in “actual, attested, authentic instances of use” (Text 28)....

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12when traveling to Saint Isidore3behead the enemy without faltering4his offspringeven in his divinity5The witches convenethe over fifty-inch distance across67where only the eyes can be seen8to isolation at Quinta del Sordoand perhaps, with the precious Leocadia9The shadows could not leave him10that created the fourteen picturesWhat the paintbrushes insisted onfrom everyone11from the same book appears not to have time1213The hands were tiedClotho, Lachesis, Atropos14

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Rape is a crime so close and personal, a trauma so individual, yet an experience so grotesquely impersonal, collective and inherent in our culture that it has a distinct place in the artistic practice of many feminist authors fighting for a voice where the cry had been muffled, refusing to be reframed into another masculinist fantasy of violence. Resistance through performance art as a mode of expression, its power and limitations, is what this article attempts to approach and start to untangle. When it comes to the artistic mode that prides itself most on its closeness to life and body – when there is pain, the pain is real – this paper aims to answer the following questions: how does one approach a violent invasion of a person’s body and self in a culture that perpetuates the mass psychology of rape (Brownmiller), and what can it mean to those who stand by and watch? Keywords: rape, feminism, performance art, autobiography, representation, representability, pain ...

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This paper begins by offering a brief overview of the popular culture narrative Crimson Peak (2015), directed by Guillermo del Toro. The analysis focuses on the most compelling Gothic trope del Toro reintroduces, the proverbial mansion, simultaneously displaying Freud’s heimlich and unheimlich elements, oppressing and liberating its inhabitants. Since the narrative revolves around two female protagonists, Lucille Sharpe and Edith Cushing, the paper also refers to feminist socio-cultural perspectives on space, primarily Gillian Rose’s and Shelley Mallett’s, in order to understand the position of the two protagonists within the decidedly Gothic space. This paper aims to emphasize that Lucille’s liberation as the mistress of the house is illusory regardless of the fact that she is represented as the embodiment of domestic corruption. It is precisely because she is a sexually active woman and a disruptor of the patriarchal order that she must ultimately be punished. Even though del Toro subverts the traditional image of the madwoman in the attic by positioning her at the center of the narrative, Allerdale Hall does not reveal itself as a space of female empowerment....

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