Future Insights

No. 2 - Year 9 - 06/2019

Editorial

The articles presented in the 18th issue of [sic] discuss, in broad terms, the ways in which literary and cultural phenomena manage to transcend the temporal and spatial framework into which they were born. They thus provide understandings and intuitions with continuing relevance, and their impact extends – regardless of when they were created – well into the future. In the opening article, Dejan Durić and Željka Matijašević analyze the concept of intensity through psychoanalytic lenses, as it evolves from the 1960s counterculture toward the present-day forms of capitalism. Krešimir Vuković delves into the imagery of classical literature and explores what insights Homer, Hesiod, and Callimachus offered for future authors. Finally, Korana Serdarević turns toward teaching methodology and tackles the issue of whether 19th century literature can help shape the views of today’s (and tomorrow’s) society. ..

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Featuring

Taking as a reference one of the best-known works of science-fiction genre in general and the Soviet nauchnaya fantastika in particular, the novel Monday Begins on Saturday by the Strugatsky Brothers, the author attempts to investigate a special variant of the elaboration of the theme of beginning and end, which (especially in combination with the problems of space and time) seems to be a bizarre mixture of literary-cultural (including intertextual) and natural-scientific approaches to the subject and may be considered as the basic issue of the Strugatskys’ text. Single parts of the text, sequentially and in a multi-faceted connection with each other, develop the themes of internal and external space and time in their constitutive disturbances and infinity. The first part of the novel deals above all with the space outside of the Scientific Research Institute of Sorcery and Wizardry, as well as with the problem of the closure and (non-)transparency of diverse borders. The second so-called story focuses on the peculiarities of the internal spatial and temporal parameters of the institute, its physical and cultural-historical infinity as the main characteristics, and it culminates in the description of the absolute end as the collapse of the whole Universe. The third story is devoted to problems related to the general concept of time, the nature of its flow and the question of fundamental possibility of movement along the axis of this cosmological dimension. On the whole, the Strugatsky Brothers create an impression of some cultural-natural-scientific space-time without limits, or with those far beyond the directly specified place and time of the novel’s storyline....

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The article focuses on a little-known text of the early 20th-century Russian Literature, The Earthly Paradise, or a Winter Night's Dream. Tales from the 27th Century (1903) by Konstantin S. Merezhkovsky, biologist and elder brother of the symbolist writer Dmitry Merezhkovsky. The Earthly Paradise is one of the most radical eugenic utopias of the future written around 1900 since it stages a radical post-humanistic concept – a new beginning of mankind through eugenics. Keywords: utopia, eugenics, biopoliticsU radu je je riječ o slabo poznatom tekstu ruske književnosti s početka 20. stoljeća, naziva Raj zemaljski, ili San zimske noći. Bajka utopija 27. stoljeća (Raj zemnoj, ili son v zimnjuju noč'. Skazka-utopija XXVII veka, Merežkovskij). Knjiga je izdana 1903. godine u Berlinu na ruskom i njemačkom jeziku. Autor romana je biolog Konstantin Sergeevič Merežkovskij, poznatiji kao teoretičar evolucijske teorije simbiogeneze i stariji brat ruskog simbolista Dmitrija Merežkovskog (Zolotonosov). Knjigu je Merežkovskij objavio u Berlinu, iz straha da bi je ruska cenzura mogla djelomično ili u potpunosti zabraniti zbog toga što je sadržavala kritiku kršćanstva....

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The latest tendencies in the modernization of teaching literature stress the development of students’ critical thinking as one of the main learning outcomes of the educational process. Based on this premise, the article demonstrates the applicability of the imagological approach which can, through guided critical reading of the canonical text, reveal another layer of the so-called non-canonical interpretation and point towards the deconstruction of cultural stereotypes embedded in the literary text. The teaching method will be demonstrated via close reading of the image of Roma people in the novella Tena by Josip Kozarac, where minority stereotyping takes on the form of discriminatory discourse in narration. Apart from developing critical thinking skills, a similar approach to a literary text in class offers the possibility of a comparative method, supported by the fact that the same mirage of Roma community drawn from a canonical work of Croatian Realism can be compared to the images (image) of Roma in contemporary Croatian literature: in the novel Ciganin, ali najljepši by Kristian Novak, in Oblak boje kože by Nebojša Lujanović, as well as in the short story Petica iz zadnje klupe by Barbara Matejčić. Finally, regarding the applicability of critical discourse analysis in class, the article's concluding remarks raise the question of whether literature describing the 19th-century society could, through guided interpretation, partake in shaping the views of today's society that has the tools to recognize its own heterostereotypes....

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