Feminist Resistance

Broj 1 - Godina 10 - 12/2019

Uvodnik

This issue of [sic] is devoted to consideration of feminist resistance as it manifests in diverse representations within popular culture. The inspiration for this 2019 issue is not a mystery. One must only glance at global headlines to see the evidence of feminist resistance: hashtag activism, protestors in the streets, calls for “equal” political representation. More nuanced is the investigation of the headline silences, the absence of gender where our curiosity prompts us to anticipate the rise of feminist resistance and the resistance toward feminism. The phrase itself – feminist resistance – is ambiguous. It is at once a burden and a possibility. Which feminism? Whose resistance? The contributors to this special issue ask pertinent questions about the interplay of gender, race, identity, and power in their intersectional analyses to engage these questions through literature, popular culture, and cultural historical investigations. ..

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Izdvojeno

Izbor iz djela Enrica Casassesa (Barcelona, 1951.) kakav ovdje slijedi tek je jedna od mogućnosti. Uzmemo li u obzir da je riječ o autoru koji je objavio mnoštvo zbirki i nešto manje diskova s audio-zapisima svoje poezije, dvadesetak mahom kratkih pjesama ne čini se bogznašto. Tako bi bilo kada bi se poezija prodavala na vagu, kao riba na zadarskoj peškariji. Nasreću, ovdje se radi o riječima, riječima koje u primatelja izazivaju različite utiske i koje prenose brige i boli autora ili nekoga tko mu je jako sličan.U tom smislu, nužan bi bio izbor iz „9072 neepska stiha“ „brze pjesme“ Uh (1997.), čega ovdje nema. S druge strane, može dostajati tek jedan sonet iz zbirke Tots a casa al carrer (1992.), kao što je ovdje zastupljen tragični epilog. Dovoljna je čak i pjesma u prozi od dva reda iz zbirke A la panxa del poema en prosa que no hi neva ni hi plou (2013.), kadra uhvatiti trenutak tišine između sunca i mjeseca, vjetra i utihnulih ptica. Tišine tek napuknute ili prije svega napuknute zvukom autoceste u podlozi. Kako bilo, ovdje će čitatelj naći dvadesetak Casassesovih pjesama u hrvatskom prijevodu, s radionice u Malom Pašmanu (3.–5. svibnja 2019.)....

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Moj je brat alergičan na ljude. Živi u sobi koja je pretvorena u ormar. Prošle su četiri godine, dva mjeseca i nešto sitno otkad sam ga zadnji put vidjela. Nije to ništa strašno. Nismo blizanci. Ja sam cura i nisam alergična na ljude. Sviđaju mi se taman dovoljno. Moj je brat alergičan na ljude. Rekao mi je to jedne noći, deset dana nakon što se prvi put uselio u ormar. Mislila sam da je to samo faza, adolescencija. Bio je čudan i odlučan, potpuno spreman na život u ormaru. U ormar je prenio radio i provukao produžni do najbliže utičnice. Spremala sam mu gotova jela i sendviče s maslacem od kikirikija i ostavljala ih na pladnju pred vratima s uputama kako što treba jesti. Tad je bilo najbolje. Osjećala sam se korisno, kao prava cura. Čak mu ni tada nisam vidjela lice. Nosio je motociklističku kacigu svaki put kad bi preko hodnika išao do zahoda. Ja sam počela nositi tamne naočale. Pretvarala sam se da ga ne vidim. Bilo je važno ugoditi mu.Bila sam na drugom kraju stana kad mi je prvi put rekao za alergiju. Pričali smo preko dvije limenke spojene špagom koje su svaki put kad bi ih približili ustima i dalje mirisale na juhu od gljiva. ...

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The paper reads the novel Dessa Rose (1986) by African American author Sherley Anne Williams, and focuses on the duality of motherhood as compounding and healing trauma at the same time. After placing the novel is its socio-cultural and literary context, I argue, relying on Black feminist and Afro-pessimistic theory, that the subversive potential of Williams’s novel lies in its claim that enslaved Black women are capable of healing through (re-)appropriating what is meant to dehumanize them: their stories, their bodies, their children, and their communities.Keywords: contemporary African American literature, Black women’s literature, slavery, motherhood studiesThe novel Dessa Rose (1986) by African American author Sherley Anne Williams interrogates the consequences of the extreme humiliation and almost total annihilation and torture of the Black female body. The eponymous protagonist, an enslaved woman, is denied agency and narrative authority, and is dehumanized by several people in her environment – B ack and white, men and women alike. The text demonstrates how the simultaneous invisibility and hyper-visibility of Black women compounds the different types of trauma caused by slavery, such as being kept in bondage, the denial of bodily autonomy, an almost fatal escape, and giving birth under traumatic circumstances. In the following text, after placing the novel in its socio-cultural and literary context, I will anchor my analysis in Black feminist and Afro-pessimistic theory, and argue that the subversive potential of Williams’s novel lies in its claim that Black women are capable of healing through (re-)appropriating what is meant to dehumanize them: their stories, their bodies, their children, and their communities. In this process of wake work (Sharpe 16-19), the protagonist and her community create a new Black discourse of self-representation in defiance of the dominant, white supremacist discourse in order to construct, in Christina Sharpe’s words, “new ways to live in the wake of slavery, in slavery’s afterlives, to survive (and more) the afterlife of property” (18)....

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Women writers use the feminist dystopian genre as a way to resist gender-based oppression in complex ways. To do so, women writers must first construct bleak worlds that subjugate their female characters before they can craft ways for these characters to resist. This article specifically examines Octavia Butler’s novel, Dawn, because the central female character finds ways to resist through working within the system in order to work against it. Even though she cannot overthrow the government or escape, she exercises substantial resistance through her body, voice, and intelligence. Butler ultimately demonstrates that women are able to resist from the margins in complex ways, which prompts real-world women readers to fight and resist gender-based oppression in their own societies. Keywords: feminism, Octavia Butler, science fiction, feminist dystopia, genderWomen writers have woven feminist resistance into the fabric of their novels for centuries to protest the misogynistic treatment and representation of women in patriarchal society. Myriad feminist scholars have affirmed that women in literature and culture are “trained, shaped, and impressed” by the patriarchal values within a society in ways that do not apply to men, which makes it exceedingly difficult for women to exercise resistance against this problematic ideology because it permeates and then deeply-embeds itself in the way humanity thinks and acts (Bordo 13). However, Foucault implies that power over an individual is not absolute because an individual can exercise “precise strategies” of resistance in “determined conditions” or certain circumstances (qtd. in Sawicki 25). This complex relationship between patriarchal power and feminist resistance to it is demonstrated through the works of countless women writers, such as Charlotte Brontë, Toni Morrison, Jane Austen, Maxine Hong Kingston, Louisa May Alcott, Louise Erdrich, Kate Chopin, and Sandra Cisneros. These are just some of the countless women writers who feature patriarchal societies in their works and oppress female characters through marriage, class, race, and other societal expectations; however, they also include feminist modes of resistance through personality, rejecting marriage, marrying on specific terms, art, writing, and in the most extreme of circumstances, suicide and murder. Thus, as Foucault notes, there are “a plurality of resistances” and “each of them a special case,” which indicates there are countless ways for an individual to resist because resistance is contextual and specific to one’s unique circumstances (96). Even so, society is, as Simone de Beauvoir declares, “[decidedly] male” and feminist modes of resistance are often trivialized or dismissed in favor of more obvious resistance strategies, such as simply extricating oneself from the problematic environment or overthrowing a corrupt government (xxii). ...

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