Future Insights

Broj 2 - Godina 9 - 06/2019

Uvodnik

The articles presented in the 18th issue of [sic] discuss, in broad terms, the ways in which literary and cultural phenomena manage to transcend the temporal and spatial framework into which they were born. They thus provide understandings and intuitions with continuing relevance, and their impact extends – regardless of when they were created – well into the future. In the opening article, Dejan Durić and Željka Matijašević analyze the concept of intensity through psychoanalytic lenses, as it evolves from the 1960s counterculture toward the present-day forms of capitalism. Krešimir Vuković delves into the imagery of classical literature and explores what insights Homer, Hesiod, and Callimachus offered for future authors. Finally, Korana Serdarević turns toward teaching methodology and tackles the issue of whether 19th century literature can help shape the views of today’s (and tomorrow’s) society. ..

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The idea of the landlord's estate as “paradise on land,” traditional in the Russian culture of the late 19th and early 20th century, evolved in the literature of the 1910s and 1920s into the idea of the city-garden, which united the “beginning” and “ends” of the image of Biblical paradise – the Old Testament Eden and the Apocalyptic New Jerusalem. The substrate of the city-garden mythologem became the "estate topos," which indicates its plasticity and significant heuristic potential, i.e. not only its belonging to the former landowner estate of the 19th century, but also its ability to create new cultural modifications, such as the “city of the future” by V. V. Khlebnikov or the “city garden” in the prose of A. N. Tolstoy and in the Soviet poetry of the 1920s.Keywords: paradise, topics, landowner estate, estate topos, “city of the future,” “city-garden,” the first third of the 20th century, A. N. Tolstoy, V. V. Khlebnikov, V. V. Mayakovsky...

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The article focuses on a little-known text of the early 20th-century Russian Literature, The Earthly Paradise, or a Winter Night's Dream. Tales from the 27th Century (1903) by Konstantin S. Merezhkovsky, biologist and elder brother of the symbolist writer Dmitry Merezhkovsky. The Earthly Paradise is one of the most radical eugenic utopias of the future written around 1900 since it stages a radical post-humanistic concept – a new beginning of mankind through eugenics. Keywords: utopia, eugenics, biopoliticsU radu je je riječ o slabo poznatom tekstu ruske književnosti s početka 20. stoljeća, naziva Raj zemaljski, ili San zimske noći. Bajka utopija 27. stoljeća (Raj zemnoj, ili son v zimnjuju noč'. Skazka-utopija XXVII veka, Merežkovskij). Knjiga je izdana 1903. godine u Berlinu na ruskom i njemačkom jeziku. Autor romana je biolog Konstantin Sergeevič Merežkovskij, poznatiji kao teoretičar evolucijske teorije simbiogeneze i stariji brat ruskog simbolista Dmitrija Merežkovskog (Zolotonosov). Knjigu je Merežkovskij objavio u Berlinu, iz straha da bi je ruska cenzura mogla djelomično ili u potpunosti zabraniti zbog toga što je sadržavala kritiku kršćanstva....

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One might perhaps feel that the question of the other has been extensively theorized, especially (though far from exclusively) within postcolonial and gender studies, and the processes of othering already illuminated from different perspectives. On the other hand, there are probably those who think that the question deserves constant attention and careful (re)considerations, and Igor Grbić’s book The Occidentocentric Fallacy: Turning Literature into a Province poses a provocative challenge to both stances. What if – the book’s underlying hypothesis seems to suggest – the entire notion of the other is nothing but, as the title states, a misconception narcissistically promulgated by what we commonly refer to as the West although it in effect counts not more than a couple of states, a mere province in any map of the world? What if, namely, numerous scholars and researchers who are concerned with the question of the other in the field of literary studies, criticism and theory only perpetuate, however unintentionally, the established misconception, simply by working within the norms of Western and neglecting all traditions of non-Western literary criticism? The occidentocentric fallacy is, according to the author of this book, particularly prominent and problematic when at work in literary arts, the humanities branch that is supposed to offer a holistic and universal evaluation of imaginative expressions. Therefore, while exposing different facets of the occidentocentric fallacy, this book engages, through its eight chapters, in offering a new description of the scope and idea of the elusive concept of world literature. ...

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Taking as a reference one of the best-known works of science-fiction genre in general and the Soviet nauchnaya fantastika in particular, the novel Monday Begins on Saturday by the Strugatsky Brothers, the author attempts to investigate a special variant of the elaboration of the theme of beginning and end, which (especially in combination with the problems of space and time) seems to be a bizarre mixture of literary-cultural (including intertextual) and natural-scientific approaches to the subject and may be considered as the basic issue of the Strugatskys’ text. Single parts of the text, sequentially and in a multi-faceted connection with each other, develop the themes of internal and external space and time in their constitutive disturbances and infinity. The first part of the novel deals above all with the space outside of the Scientific Research Institute of Sorcery and Wizardry, as well as with the problem of the closure and (non-)transparency of diverse borders. The second so-called story focuses on the peculiarities of the internal spatial and temporal parameters of the institute, its physical and cultural-historical infinity as the main characteristics, and it culminates in the description of the absolute end as the collapse of the whole Universe. The third story is devoted to problems related to the general concept of time, the nature of its flow and the question of fundamental possibility of movement along the axis of this cosmological dimension. On the whole, the Strugatsky Brothers create an impression of some cultural-natural-scientific space-time without limits, or with those far beyond the directly specified place and time of the novel’s storyline....

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