Utopia and Political Theology

Broj 2 - Godina 5 - 06/2015

Uvodnik

Although utopias of different kinds have always stirred people’s imagination, it seems that the twentieth century rise of political theology brought about a particularly intense proliferation of utopian narratives. On the other hand, catastrophic failures such as that of the communist project gave rise to various subsequent reconsiderations of the utopian dream, dystopian nightmare and the thin line dividing the two. ..

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Izdvojeno

Preokupacija gotičkog žanra uvijek je bila liminalnost, kako prostora dodira između civilizacije i divljine tako i likova koji titraju između definiranih fizičkih i društvenih okvira. I sam je žanr obilježen svojom liminalnosti u odnosu na "visoku" književnost, književna ga je kritika marginalizirala smatrajući ga formulaičnim i trivijalnim izrazom "nižega" književnog oblika. U bilo kakvu ozbiljnijem prikazu razvojnog procesa američke književne produkcije zauzimanje takve devalorizirajuće pozicije spram žanra koji je uvelike utjecao na formiranje američke književnosti te čiji elementi prožimaju djela kanoniziranih američkih pisaca može se u najmanju ruku smatrati velikim propustom. Knjiga Marka Lukića U sjeni američkog sna: od C. B. Browna do Stephena Kinga upisuje u taj konradovski prazan prostor na hrvatskoj "karti" književne teorije pregled razvojnih etapa gotičkog žanra od trenutka njegova "preseljenja" na novi kontinent. S obzirom na autorov dosadašnji opus, koji obuhvaća teme suvremene amerikanistike s fokusom na horor i gotički žanr, ova knjiga predstavlja logičan ishod Lukićeva višegodišnjeg rada. Njegova knjiga prati razvoj toga mračnog žanrovskog doppelgängera američkog utopizma analizom djela i inovacija pisaca koji su pridonijeli stvaranju američke književnosti, a čije se pak tendencije prema gotičkom pismu često zanemaruju ili se zbog njih umanjuje značaj tih autora za historiografiju američke književnosti. Kroz arheologiju i geografiju straha – otkopavanja nasilne nacionalne prošlosti koja se isprepliće u prostoru suvremenosti – Lukić prikazuje gotičke mehanizme kritike državotvornih mitova objedinjenih pod poznatom sintagmom američkog sna, koja pak vuče svoju mitogenezu iz sekularizacije puritanske epistemologije i protestantske radne etike....

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Bilo mi je samo devet godina, ali nikad neću zaboraviti dan kad su dali zeleno svjetlo projektu za izgradnju umjetnog jezera i kad smo postali sigurni da će naša kuća nestati pod vodom. Sva sredstva i sve žalbe bili su iscrpljeni i čekali smo još samo da otac uđe u kuhinju i obavijesti nas da je i zadnja presuda bila u korist umjetnog jezera. Vani je padala obilna kiša i monotono šljapkanje očevih cipela kad je ušao u kuću kao da je poručilo, pripremite se, sve će ovo uskoro preplaviti voda, bit će teško hodati ovuda, promijenit će se boje i teksture, ova se lampa nikad više neće upaliti jer žarulje ne gore pod vodom.Sve nas je to pogodilo. Ali njega, koji je otpočetka bio vrlo uključen u borbu, potpuno je pokosilo. Odnos mojih roditelja sve se više pogoršavao i ishodovati odluku koja bi zaustavila umjetno jezero bilo je jedino što je još moglo spasiti stvari, spriječiti naglu poplavu koja samo što nije potopila našu obitelj. Majka i otac to su znali i bili su svjesni da poraženo šljapkanje cipela koje se hodnikom polagano približavaju kuhinji znači kraj jedne ere. ...

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In a period witnessing the increasing popularity of superhero franchises, comic book historian Tim Hanley sheds light on the forgotten history of the world’s most famous female superhero, Wonder Woman. Tim Hanley’s Wonder Woman Unbound: The Curious History of the World’s Most Famous Heroine, as its title suggests, aims to explore the curious path of Wonder Woman: from the creation of the character to her contemporary iconic status. The book is comprised of three sections that follow the eras of American comic books: Golden Age, Silver Age and Bronze Age. Hanley starts off with Wonder Woman’s origin story, associating it primarily with the life and work of her creator, psychologist William Marston. The story begins when an American pilot, Steve Trevor, crashes on the hidden Paradise Island and is found injured by Diana and her fellow Amazons. Paradise Island is the home of mythical Amazons guided by goddesses Aphrodite and Athena. Their world is an only-female utopia situated far away from the outside, violent, world of men. However, while Amazons live in peace, the outside world is bursting with war and Steve needs to return to America to fulfill his soldier duties. The Amazon goddesses decide to send a warrior, Diana, to help Steve through his journey. That warrior later becomes a superheroine known by the name of Wonder Woman. ...

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1.At first the island is just a sign on a yellow board with a drawing of a vessel and the letters saying “Car Ferry,” then it is a grayish silhouette in the blue of the sea, and then, later still, an acquaintance working on the ferry, who just nods briefly in greeting. Jablanac, ferry port, its pleasant lobby, and then, from the upper deck, a giant rock approaching. That is the object of a year-long desire: the moment of stepping off the boat and smelling the rosemary, diesel and sheep droppings, seeing the sharp rocks looking at the Strait of Senj, coarse limestone in sharp opposition to the signs that say: Benvenuti, Welcome, Willkommen!At home, on the terrace, in the shade of the oleander, there’s no wish to eat. Only swimming trunks are put on and then, barefoot, without a towel or sun-tanning lotion, off to the beach.“Why won’t you eat something?” grandma asks.She knows that there’s an exciting world waiting out there, but she knows nothing of the details. All friends went on a boat trip. And suddenly one step from the shade of a path covered with oleanders and acacias leads into the burning sun of the afternoon. The light screams, just like children in the water, just like white objects that radiate as if there are some powerful light bulbs within. The feeling of freedom of someone who has just arrived in a foreign place and can now do anything. There’s no one familiar on the beach, they all got in the boat and left. The seafront leading to the camp is full of people, naked children with dirty faces licking ice cream, young families pushing strollers, groups of teenagers who have just woken up from their last night’s party. But there’s no one that must be greeted. The feeling of freedom that’s at the same time close to death. Suddenly, all paths are open. That there are no obligations or friends waiting, this afternoon, until they come back, is a complete boon....

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